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Russische Jäger 1812 – Der Vaterländische Krieg gegen Napoleon

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Hello and welcome to the PLW Review channel. Today is about a really very interesting topic for me. Namely the Napoleonic wars. For this I invited a guest. You have probably seen him on other channels, like 
Urlag Entertainments. I'll briefly explain what time we're in here now.  When I say a Napoleonic wars, yes, that is a very broad spectrum. We represent the year 1812. In 1807 Napoleon defeated Russia in the Battle of Friedland. The Russians then decided that they must make peace. There was then a peace treaty and an alliance was made between France and Russia. However, this relationship steadily deteriorated, because Napoleon had proclaimed the so-called Continental Blockade. This was to cover all of Europe and Russia as well.

The big problem for the Russian tsar and the economy was that Russia produced a lot of linen. The biggest buyer of linen was Great Britain and this 
increasingly led to tensions between France and Russia. The Russian nobility demanded that the tsar then turn away from France. The Continental Blockade also became increasingly spotty. Napoleon then noticed this and began to threaten the tsar more and more blatantly. Napoleon rearmed his army and stationed it on the Vistula. This brief cold war then escalated.  Napoleon then decided to invade Russia in 1812.

We now see here a fighter from 1812. So from the beginning of the Patriotic War, as it was also called, until the end. Let's start at the top. This is the "kiwer." This is headgear of the Russian hunter and here on top 
on top we have the "Pondon" in white and green. This then evolved into the cockade on the cap of the soldiers. And up here, I'm going to take a guess.

That's a golden pineapple, isn't it? That's a burning grenade. Normal infantry and the fighters had a single-flame grenade. For the grenadiers, this was three-flame. Here is the safety line around here is also a leather strap on the helmet. And this one serves to keep the "kiwi" from falling off the head. In the course of the war, these were then replaced by the
French scale chains, because first of all it offered more protection and secondly it looked nicer. If the Russian fighter took off his chako, he wore this cap.  Before the army reform in 1812, the Russian soldiers also wore the French pointed caps that hung down to the side in such a funny way. But then they took their cue from the sailors. One found that then very beautiful and also these caps for all introduced. This might look a little familiar to some of you. This cap shape is the basic inspiration for, for example, the German "Krätzchen". So generally all "Krätzchen".

But also for the Russian peaked caps and if you will for all peaked caps all over the world. A very interesting detail. So again the Germans copied from the Russians here. The Prussian thought it was chic and copied it. On this we have the number four and a P. Aceton said that stands for the 4th Panzer Division, of course. No. It stands for the fourth Rotta. So for the fourth company. In case anyone is wondering now. The Latin "P" looks like the Cyrillic "R".

We already know this one from Russian history. This is a coat roll. It was worn like this in World War I and World War II. You definitely know this already. There is an interesting video about the coat on Urlag Entertainments. They talk about the Russian coats and it's really worth a video in itself. Very interesting. Up here you can see the yellow epaulettes. – On it is the number four. This one stands for?
– The division. So for the fourth division. You can see from the yellow color that it's an old regiment that existed before the army reform. Later, they were replaced by blue and red ones. That was also the case when our regiment was reorganized. The four is not only on the epaulettes, but also on the cartridge bags. This then stands for the regiment. And the color of the tassel stands for the fourth company. So those who have been paying attention know. It's the fourth company, of the fourth regiment, of the fourth division. this is the fourth company of the 
fourth regiment of the fourth division therefore   So 444, very easy to remember.

This field skirt is according to old Prussian cut. There is one difference and that is with the Russian hunters here, however, the collar was kept closed. And interestingly enough, the Prussians, because they found the cut pretty again, copied it themselves. They also wore it in blue. We also see red piping. They go around here and here and can be seen on the collar. That means that these are hunters. If it were infantry then these sleeve wraps here would be red and also the collar would be completely red. The acetone had told me another interesting piece of information. The Red Army wore green uniforms in 1945 at the Victory Parade commemorating the Patriotic War. After all, they fought the Great Patriotic War. And that's why they paraded there with green uniforms. Let's continue with the knapsack. This one is in black. On top of this are leather gaiters. These could be worn with the winter pants. – This is also a very interesting canteen.

What material is it made of?
– Tin or pewter.   The contents of the tornister did not belong to the soldier. The contents belonged to the tsar. The soldier had little private property other than that in his haversack. In there, for example, he carried personal souvenirs from home. But this knapsack belonged to the tsar. In some older films, you can also see that soldiers leave their knapsacks before the battle. It didn't matter, because they didn't have to retrieve the knapsack at all, because the contents didn't belong to them. After the battle, there were more than enough knapsacks, because the losses were usually quite high. Now let's move on to the sidearm.

These are the two things here. We have a saber here for one thing. This is a Prussian saber, as acetone explained to me. This also has the tassel on it. And every soldier got a saber. This soldier here was actually a farmer before. Peasants did not have the right to arm themselves. So it became a sign of upliftment. The peasant was given a saber and thus became a soldier. Of course, this was something special for the soldiers, because they were 
were now one stand higher than the peasants.   They were still serfs, though, so they were not their own masters.

In the Russian army, you also had to serve for 25 years. After that, was one free or still a serf? You got your own land after service just like the officers. Accordingly, it was like one big family. Let's take a look at the bayonet. Before the army reform in 1812, hunters had saber bayonets. They then replaced the saber bayonet with a regular bayonet and an extra saber. Many hunters continued to use the saber bayonet anyway, and their sidearm then consisted of three things instead of two. That was an important tradition for the hunters. This bayonet is a pretty terrible weapon. We've had similar models before in some videos. This is a triangular bayonet. The surgical skills of the field surgeons were at that time as well as not very good.

A wound from this bayonet was almost impossible to suture. So it caused very severe wounds. You couldn't stitch the wounds because the edges of the bayonet were straight. The wound was also often difficult to find and the soldiers then bled to death internally in rows. You couldn't solve this problem until the Vietnam War. One then closed the wounds with superglue. In the line, one then fought with bayonet planted and in the hunter's fight then without, since one had to move also through the undergrowth. It is worth mentioning here that the hunters had two different types of combat. One was skirmishing, where the hunters spread out. In this, they independently conducted the firefight and one it was also moving through forests in this formation. But they also had the possibility to fight in line. So in "skirmish mode" without bayonet and in line then with. To the fighter companies there was also a regular infantry company, which could then cover returning fighters or generally for security. – For example, against cavalry?
– Yes. For example, against cavalry. Let's move on to the weapon.

This is a Brown Bess musket more specifically a shotgun. That's derived from this flintstone. The flintstone. Now you might ask, why does a Russian fighter have a Brown Bess musket? That sounds very English. And indeed. The English generously supplied their allies with money, supplies and also weapons. So it happened that Russian fighters fought with English muskets or shotguns. In general, it can be said that the armament of the Russian army was very complex. There were 30 different calibers. That means you really fought with what you had.  The original Russian musket, the Tula musket was very much outdated. So then let's move on to the pants. In this case, the acetone will explain the pants themselves. Normally, white tight-fitting gaiter pants were worn in the summer. In winter, woolen pants were worn, which were made of the same material as the woolen uniform. Then the leather gaiters were worn with them. In addition, one could put on overtrousers. For additional protection against the cold, one then stuffed them with hay, straw or other materials. The Russian is not smart but smart and they wore the overtrousers in the summer because they were wider and more comfortable.

One or the other will have noticed the boots and they will look familiar. It's fair to say that these boots were the inspiration for the development of the Knobelbecher. This is the standard boot that was worn. However, due to the high marching performance, these were worn out after a very short time. But Napoleon had filled all the camps in Europe and had not managed to clear them during the retreat. The Russians then helped themselves extensively to these camps and wore French boots. These had the advantage of being slung over a last. So you could wear them on the left or the right. So you only had to carry one shoe in your satchel and you always had a spare. In general, many French things were worn. So it happened that in 1814 and 1815 people in Paris looked more French than the French themselves. So the Russians and Prussians wore a white armband from 1814 to make themselves recognizable for allies. I have not heard that before. Thank you very much for this great information.

So I really found it very interesting and I hope you do too. If you are also interested in this time or even want to join the Russian fighters then you can. Because you're in a club that reenacts historical battles. Where can people find you? You can find us easily under Russian Hunters 1813. We are usually at the Battle of Leipzig in October or at Großgörschen in May. For all interested people I put a link in the description where you can contact us. Then you can also wear such a nice uniform, sit around the campfire and fight against the French. If you want to see more about Napoleonic wars, feel free to write it in the comments. Then we will try to present more representations. Then I say goodbye at this point and then I hope to see you at the next video..

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