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Cocker Spaniel. In movie, Q & A, Intelligence, Is Family Dog, With Kids, Amount Of Shedding


Cocker Spaniel in the movies.
  Cocker Spaniel has appeared 
in films such as.
  The Interview
  Lady and the Tramp
  Separate Lies
  The Clock
  New Amsterdam
  Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan
  The Agatha Christie Hour
  Breed standards may change over time. 
Both appearance standards and standards   regarding breed character or working 
qualities may change. The works of art   of the early years depict the most typical 
representatives of the breeds of that time.   Comparing with the modern appearance of 
the breed, you will be able to assess   how much the breed has changed over time. Also 
of interest are archival photographs of specific   breeds, which you can find on the Internet 
in specialized forums about the breed.
  Historical reference of the 
breed and subgroup.
  The ancestors of spaniels were 
brought to England from Spain,   where they got their name in honor 
of the homeland of their ancestors   Spain Spain. They were heavy hound-like dogs 
with floppy ears and thick, short hair.
  Initially, spaniels were divided into 
two groups according to the place of use:   with some they hunted on land, with others on 
the water (they were called water spaniels).   The former had a long and silky coat, while 
the latter was coarser and curly.

As breeding   progressed, specialization in the work of land 
spaniels arose, therefore, differences appeared   between them. Spaniels used for falconry are 
called springers for their ability to jump high.   Their job is to quickly find and scare the bird. 
Other spaniels were used primarily for hunting   woodcock, hence the name cocker. The Cocker 
Spaniel is much smaller than the Springer,   with a shorter muzzle, round head and longer ears. 
They differ in body composition and color.
  Among water spaniels by this time, two breeds 
stood out – English and Irish. When creating   these spaniel breeds, they crossed with old-style 
German corded poodles. Quite large dogs with dense   curly hair were obtained. Their sebaceous glands 
worked so intensively that the wool was always   covered with a fatty layer, which protected it 
from getting wet. The English Water Spaniel was   somewhat smaller than the Irish, and its tail 
was completely covered with hair, which gave the   appearance of the dog a more handsome appearance. 
However, by the end of the 19th century,   the English Water Spaniel had practically 
disappeared, dissolving into other breeds.   The Irish Water Spaniel was much more fortunate, 
and his fate does not inspire fear.
  The English Cocker Spaniel differs from the 
American in size and head type, as well as   other features.

Solid, compact, well balanced 
square dog. The head of beautiful sculpted lines,   a muzzle rectangular in profile, a nose with wide 
nostrils: this breed has a keen sense of smell.   The eyes are cheerful, dark, shiny, 
with a kind, intelligent expression.   In addition, the dog is well built, strong 
and strong. Height at the withers from 38   to 41 centimeters, weight from 12 to 16 
kilograms. The coat is close-lying, silky,   but not plentiful and certainly not curly. 
Decorating hair is developed on the ears,   back sides of the legs above the hocks and on the 
body. The color is varied: solid or spotted.
  Until the end of the 19th century, all 
spaniels belonged to the same group.   Then they began to specialize.
large ones for searching for a bird   and lifting it on the wing, and small ones for 
hunting a woodcock. Over time, these large and   small spaniels of different directions stood 
out in breeds. The Kennel Club of Great Britain   recognized these breeds as independent in 1892. 
The modern Cocker Spaniel remains an excellent   hunter, tireless and hardy in the field, with good 
hunting instincts and a good sense of smell.
  It is not for nothing that they call 
him a cheerful dog.

This affectionate,   gentle dog is a family favorite. She is 
always on the move and loves to be handled.   The English Cocker Spaniel is a tireless 
worker and an unsurpassed companion.
  Description. The Cocker Spaniel is a small, strong 
and compact dog with well developed muscles,   fast and hardy. A sculpted, beautifully set 
head with clean lines is the main distinguishing   feature of this breed. The skull is rounded, 
but the cheekbones are flat. The eyes are round,   but due to the shape they look oval. The ears are 
set low, long, covered with long thick feathers.   The coat is long, silky and abundant.
The American Cocker Spaniel comes directly   from the English. Spaniels appeared in America 
before the emergence of the United States, and   in England another 400 years earlier. In America, 
the Cocker Spaniel was selected according to the   desired characteristics for size, head shape, 
body structure, and over the years they began   to differ somewhat not only from the original 
Cockers, but also from modern English ones.   In the 1940s, the English and American 
breeds were recognized as separate breeds.   The modern American Cocker Spaniel is the 
smallest of the sporting hunting dogs.

Although   the American Cocker Spaniel is an excellent 
hunter, it is much more famous as a family   favorite or an elegant dog show participant. 
This is an amazingly smart and loyal dog.
  The Cocker Spaniel is very strongly attached 
to the human family in which he lives.
  Some breeds are strongly attached to one person, 
others to all members of the human family,   others may have a friendly attitude towards 
all people in general, and the fourth may   not have close ties even with the owner.
Cocker Spaniels are very strongly attached to   all members of the human family in which they 

Strangers are treated with neutrality.
  The attitude of any dog ​​to strangers strongly 
depends on the breed of the pet, but even more   strongly this attitude depends on the upbringing 
and socialization of a particular individual,   while socialization in the early puppyhood of a 
pet is especially important in this regard.
  However, with children, the Cocker Spaniel gets 
along well only when the children do not hurt the   dog. However, regardless of the dog's friendly 
attitude towards children, a dog of any breed   should not be left alone with small children.
Some breeds of dogs are more relaxed about   the behavior of young children and may not pay 
attention to some antics of children, however,   it should be understood that dogs of all 
breeds, no matter how friendly they are,   should be with children only under the supervision 
of the owner or adults, since in addition to the   qualities of the breed in relation to children, 
there are also the individual characteristics   of each dog, its upbringing and previous 
experience in communicating with children.   Even these relationships are largely 
influenced by the behavior of children.
  Cocker Spaniels get along well enough with other 
dogs and they get along well with each other,   unless, of course, other dogs 
show similar behavior.
  Different breeds of dogs treat their own kind 
differently, some dogs will play and interact   in every possible way with dogs they meet or 
live with, other breeds may try to dominate or   even attack similar four-legged ones.

At the same 
time, the relationship between dogs can be very   different from how a dog will react to people. The 
behavior of a dog in relation to other dogs and   people depends not only on the breed, but also on 
the socialization of a particular individual.
  Communication Cocker Spaniel with small 
pets such as hamsters, domestic rats,   squirrels, chinchillas and other rodents 
is best limited. Cats can get along.
  One of the advantages of the Cocker Spaniel 
breed is the low demands of this breed on   the owner's dog ownership experience. Some 
dog breeds are easier to keep and train,   while others are more independent and even 
assertive and require an experienced owner.   For those who get a dog for the first time, it 
is still better to take special courses that will   tell you how to properly care for a dog and how 
to socialize a Cocker Spaniel puppy in society.
  Cocker Spaniels are also just great for 
keeping in an apartment, but keep in mind   that they do not tolerate loneliness and 
cannot be left alone for a long time.
  The quality and quantity of wool allow the Cocker 
Spaniel to comfortably endure cold and short-term   heat, but very low or high temperatures are no 
longer safe for the four-legged.

Active loads   should be avoided in the warm season.
Learning and training.
  All dogs can be trained and trained, but some 
breeds remember and execute commands faster   and more readily than other breeds. Different 
breeds need a different approach to training   and education. Some breeds may appear to be 
poorly trainable or even stupid, however,   in most cases, a dog breed's trainability is 
due to the stubborn or independent nature of   the dog breed or individual. Also of great 
importance in the trainability of a dog is   the role of what training methods the 
trainer uses for a particular breed.
  In the book The Intelligence of Dogs, published in 
1994 and written by University of British Columbia   Vancouver psychology professor Stanley Coren, the 
Cocker Spaniel is ranked 20 out of 80 in terms of   learning ability.

In this regard, the breed stands 
next to such breeds as the Flat-Coated Retriever,   English Cocker Spaniel, Weimaraner, Belgian 
Shepherd and Bernese Mountain Dog.
  In Professor Stanley Coren's book, 
Cocker Spaniel is located in the group:
  Dogs with excellent learning abilities.
Mastering a new team from 5 to 15 repetitions.
  Execution of the command from the first 
time: in 85 percent of cases and above.
  The disadvantage of this scale of learning 
ability, by the author's own admission,   is its strong dependence on the ability to 
obedience and command execution, for example,   for working or service dogs, and its weak 
connection with understanding and creativity,   for example, hunting dogs. As a result, some 
breeds rank lower on the list because of their   stubborn or independent nature, which does not 
make them weakly intelligent or untrainable.
  Tendency to bark.
Among other things,   breeds differ in the level of noise, or rather, 
in the frequency of their barking. Some breeds   can bark all the time without stopping and never 
get tired of barking at every stranger or strange   dog that passes by your house or by herself, 
other breeds bark only on business, when it   is necessary in her opinion, and still others 
can only give a voice in exceptional cases.
  Cocker Spaniel can be attributed to 
the second group described above.   This breed will definitely not bother you and 
your neighbors with unreasonable barking.
  But these dogs are not deprived of the desire 
to gnaw.

The desire to gnaw and taste everything   is common to puppies of all breeds, but as 
adults, different breeds have varying degrees of   propensity to explore the world with their teeth. 
Cocker Spaniels are quite prone to such pranks.
  Activity and energy level.
According to the level of charge and activity,   breeds can also be divided into active and calm 
or even lazy. An active dog will require constant   walks, training and frequent mental stimulation 
from you. Calm and less energetic dogs will be   happy with short walks around the house and will 
gladly share your desire to lie on the couch at   home. This feature should be taken into account 
when choosing a pet, since the unfulfilled needs   of an active animal will be realized at home on 
the things and objects of your home. The amount of   energy in the dog also determines with what desire 
and for how long the dog will play games with you   or with your child under your supervision.
Cocker Spaniels are active dogs, but most   often they adapt to the rhythm of their 
owner and will feel great both on a walk   and lying on the couch next to the owner.
In addition, many breeds have an innate desire   to chase moving objects and animals, the degree of 
this desire may vary from breed to breed.

If this   innate instinct is highly developed in a dog, you 
need to carefully monitor the pet during a walk   and keep it on a leash, since any moving object 
can provoke the dog to chase, even if it is a car   that can harm the animal, at such moments the 
dog can disobey the call of the owner and switch   all your attention to the moving target. In 
addition, such breeds pose an additional danger   to small domestic animals and birds.
The Cocker Spaniel has this instinct   highly developed and should be kept 
in mind when walking with your pet.
  Passion for vagrancy and love of freedom.
Some breeds have a tendency to cover long   distances on their fours, for which they were 
bred, so these dogs, following their instinct,   will not miss the opportunity to escape 
from you and run a couple of kilometers,   despite your calls.

Sled dogs, hounds and 
bloodhounds are mainly inclined to such walks.
  The Cocker Spaniel has a tendency to run away 
from its owner on smelling an interesting smell   or noticing a moving object.
Tendency to drool.
  The amount of saliva produced depends 
on the characteristics of the breed.   Some breeds salivate so much that they can leave 
marks on the carpet, on the sofa, on the floor   and on you, other breeds also salivate, 
but this happens in much less quantities.
  Fortunately for many owners, the Cocker 
Spaniel produces very little saliva.   Also, the fact that they leave little wool behind 
will be a plus for Cocker Spaniels.

In fact, this   number is about the same as in most breeds.
The amount of dog hair in your home and on your   clothes depends a lot on what breed you 
choose, some breeds shed all year round,   others only seasonally, others hardly 
shed. This characteristic of the breed   can be important depending on where you plan 
to keep the pet, whether members of your family   are allergic to animal hair, and how 
important it is to you in general.
  Dog care.
Some breeds may require a lot of grooming   and attention due to coat characteristics, muzzle 
shape, habitat, or the general health of the   breed. Cocker Spaniel in this regard are quite 
average in terms of the complexity of the care   of the dog, they do not require a lot of time 
for themselves. The exception is their coat,   which requires regular brushing and bathing. 
The animal is bathed every 7-10 days,   the eyes are cleaned daily, the ears are cleaned 
about 2 times a week, and they are also examined   after walking for plants or insects stuck in 
the fur.

Nails are trimmed 3 times a month.
  General health of the breed 
on a 10-point scale.
  The general health of dogs of this breed 
and the possibility of the appearance of   genetic diseases in them can be assessed 
on a ten-point scale of 9 points, that is,   they are quite healthy dogs with a minimum 
number of genetically predisposed diseases.
  The average lifespan of a Cocker Spaniel 
is 12 to 15 years..

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