Cocker Spaniel in the movies.
Cocker Spaniel has appeared
in films such as.
Lady and the Tramp
Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan
The Agatha Christie Hour
Breed standards may change over time.
Both appearance standards and standards regarding breed character or working
qualities may change. The works of art of the early years depict the most typical
representatives of the breeds of that time. Comparing with the modern appearance of
the breed, you will be able to assess how much the breed has changed over time. Also
of interest are archival photographs of specific breeds, which you can find on the Internet
in specialized forums about the breed.
Historical reference of the
breed and subgroup.
The ancestors of spaniels were
brought to England from Spain, where they got their name in honor
of the homeland of their ancestors Spain Spain. They were heavy hound-like dogs
with floppy ears and thick, short hair.
Initially, spaniels were divided into
two groups according to the place of use: with some they hunted on land, with others on
the water (they were called water spaniels). The former had a long and silky coat, while
the latter was coarser and curly.
As breeding progressed, specialization in the work of land
spaniels arose, therefore, differences appeared between them. Spaniels used for falconry are
called springers for their ability to jump high. Their job is to quickly find and scare the bird.
Other spaniels were used primarily for hunting woodcock, hence the name cocker. The Cocker
Spaniel is much smaller than the Springer, with a shorter muzzle, round head and longer ears.
They differ in body composition and color.
Among water spaniels by this time, two breeds
stood out – English and Irish. When creating these spaniel breeds, they crossed with old-style
German corded poodles. Quite large dogs with dense curly hair were obtained. Their sebaceous glands
worked so intensively that the wool was always covered with a fatty layer, which protected it
from getting wet. The English Water Spaniel was somewhat smaller than the Irish, and its tail
was completely covered with hair, which gave the appearance of the dog a more handsome appearance.
However, by the end of the 19th century, the English Water Spaniel had practically
disappeared, dissolving into other breeds. The Irish Water Spaniel was much more fortunate,
and his fate does not inspire fear.
The English Cocker Spaniel differs from the
American in size and head type, as well as other features.
Solid, compact, well balanced
square dog. The head of beautiful sculpted lines, a muzzle rectangular in profile, a nose with wide
nostrils: this breed has a keen sense of smell. The eyes are cheerful, dark, shiny,
with a kind, intelligent expression. In addition, the dog is well built, strong
and strong. Height at the withers from 38 to 41 centimeters, weight from 12 to 16
kilograms. The coat is close-lying, silky, but not plentiful and certainly not curly.
Decorating hair is developed on the ears, back sides of the legs above the hocks and on the
body. The color is varied: solid or spotted.
Until the end of the 19th century, all
spaniels belonged to the same group. Then they began to specialize.
large ones for searching for a bird and lifting it on the wing, and small ones for
hunting a woodcock. Over time, these large and small spaniels of different directions stood
out in breeds. The Kennel Club of Great Britain recognized these breeds as independent in 1892.
The modern Cocker Spaniel remains an excellent hunter, tireless and hardy in the field, with good
hunting instincts and a good sense of smell.
It is not for nothing that they call
him a cheerful dog.
This affectionate, gentle dog is a family favorite. She is
always on the move and loves to be handled. The English Cocker Spaniel is a tireless
worker and an unsurpassed companion.
Description. The Cocker Spaniel is a small, strong
and compact dog with well developed muscles, fast and hardy. A sculpted, beautifully set
head with clean lines is the main distinguishing feature of this breed. The skull is rounded,
but the cheekbones are flat. The eyes are round, but due to the shape they look oval. The ears are
set low, long, covered with long thick feathers. The coat is long, silky and abundant.
The American Cocker Spaniel comes directly from the English. Spaniels appeared in America
before the emergence of the United States, and in England another 400 years earlier. In America,
the Cocker Spaniel was selected according to the desired characteristics for size, head shape,
body structure, and over the years they began to differ somewhat not only from the original
Cockers, but also from modern English ones. In the 1940s, the English and American
breeds were recognized as separate breeds. The modern American Cocker Spaniel is the
smallest of the sporting hunting dogs.
Although the American Cocker Spaniel is an excellent
hunter, it is much more famous as a family favorite or an elegant dog show participant.
This is an amazingly smart and loyal dog.
The Cocker Spaniel is very strongly attached
to the human family in which he lives.
Some breeds are strongly attached to one person,
others to all members of the human family, others may have a friendly attitude towards
all people in general, and the fourth may not have close ties even with the owner.
Cocker Spaniels are very strongly attached to all members of the human family in which they
Strangers are treated with neutrality.
The attitude of any dog to strangers strongly
depends on the breed of the pet, but even more strongly this attitude depends on the upbringing
and socialization of a particular individual, while socialization in the early puppyhood of a
pet is especially important in this regard.
However, with children, the Cocker Spaniel gets
along well only when the children do not hurt the dog. However, regardless of the dog's friendly
attitude towards children, a dog of any breed should not be left alone with small children.
Some breeds of dogs are more relaxed about the behavior of young children and may not pay
attention to some antics of children, however, it should be understood that dogs of all
breeds, no matter how friendly they are, should be with children only under the supervision
of the owner or adults, since in addition to the qualities of the breed in relation to children,
there are also the individual characteristics of each dog, its upbringing and previous
experience in communicating with children. Even these relationships are largely
influenced by the behavior of children.
Cocker Spaniels get along well enough with other
dogs and they get along well with each other, unless, of course, other dogs
show similar behavior.
Different breeds of dogs treat their own kind
differently, some dogs will play and interact in every possible way with dogs they meet or
live with, other breeds may try to dominate or even attack similar four-legged ones.
At the same
time, the relationship between dogs can be very different from how a dog will react to people. The
behavior of a dog in relation to other dogs and people depends not only on the breed, but also on
the socialization of a particular individual.
Communication Cocker Spaniel with small
pets such as hamsters, domestic rats, squirrels, chinchillas and other rodents
is best limited. Cats can get along.
One of the advantages of the Cocker Spaniel
breed is the low demands of this breed on the owner's dog ownership experience. Some
dog breeds are easier to keep and train, while others are more independent and even
assertive and require an experienced owner. For those who get a dog for the first time, it
is still better to take special courses that will tell you how to properly care for a dog and how
to socialize a Cocker Spaniel puppy in society.
Cocker Spaniels are also just great for
keeping in an apartment, but keep in mind that they do not tolerate loneliness and
cannot be left alone for a long time.
The quality and quantity of wool allow the Cocker
Spaniel to comfortably endure cold and short-term heat, but very low or high temperatures are no
longer safe for the four-legged.
Active loads should be avoided in the warm season.
Learning and training.
All dogs can be trained and trained, but some
breeds remember and execute commands faster and more readily than other breeds. Different
breeds need a different approach to training and education. Some breeds may appear to be
poorly trainable or even stupid, however, in most cases, a dog breed's trainability is
due to the stubborn or independent nature of the dog breed or individual. Also of great
importance in the trainability of a dog is the role of what training methods the
trainer uses for a particular breed.
In the book The Intelligence of Dogs, published in
1994 and written by University of British Columbia Vancouver psychology professor Stanley Coren, the
Cocker Spaniel is ranked 20 out of 80 in terms of learning ability.
In this regard, the breed stands
next to such breeds as the Flat-Coated Retriever, English Cocker Spaniel, Weimaraner, Belgian
Shepherd and Bernese Mountain Dog.
In Professor Stanley Coren's book,
Cocker Spaniel is located in the group:
Dogs with excellent learning abilities.
Mastering a new team from 5 to 15 repetitions.
Execution of the command from the first
time: in 85 percent of cases and above.
The disadvantage of this scale of learning
ability, by the author's own admission, is its strong dependence on the ability to
obedience and command execution, for example, for working or service dogs, and its weak
connection with understanding and creativity, for example, hunting dogs. As a result, some
breeds rank lower on the list because of their stubborn or independent nature, which does not
make them weakly intelligent or untrainable.
Tendency to bark.
Among other things, breeds differ in the level of noise, or rather,
in the frequency of their barking. Some breeds can bark all the time without stopping and never
get tired of barking at every stranger or strange dog that passes by your house or by herself,
other breeds bark only on business, when it is necessary in her opinion, and still others
can only give a voice in exceptional cases.
Cocker Spaniel can be attributed to
the second group described above. This breed will definitely not bother you and
your neighbors with unreasonable barking.
But these dogs are not deprived of the desire
The desire to gnaw and taste everything is common to puppies of all breeds, but as
adults, different breeds have varying degrees of propensity to explore the world with their teeth.
Cocker Spaniels are quite prone to such pranks.
Activity and energy level.
According to the level of charge and activity, breeds can also be divided into active and calm
or even lazy. An active dog will require constant walks, training and frequent mental stimulation
from you. Calm and less energetic dogs will be happy with short walks around the house and will
gladly share your desire to lie on the couch at home. This feature should be taken into account
when choosing a pet, since the unfulfilled needs of an active animal will be realized at home on
the things and objects of your home. The amount of energy in the dog also determines with what desire
and for how long the dog will play games with you or with your child under your supervision.
Cocker Spaniels are active dogs, but most often they adapt to the rhythm of their
owner and will feel great both on a walk and lying on the couch next to the owner.
In addition, many breeds have an innate desire to chase moving objects and animals, the degree of
this desire may vary from breed to breed.
If this innate instinct is highly developed in a dog, you
need to carefully monitor the pet during a walk and keep it on a leash, since any moving object
can provoke the dog to chase, even if it is a car that can harm the animal, at such moments the
dog can disobey the call of the owner and switch all your attention to the moving target. In
addition, such breeds pose an additional danger to small domestic animals and birds.
The Cocker Spaniel has this instinct highly developed and should be kept
in mind when walking with your pet.
Passion for vagrancy and love of freedom.
Some breeds have a tendency to cover long distances on their fours, for which they were
bred, so these dogs, following their instinct, will not miss the opportunity to escape
from you and run a couple of kilometers, despite your calls.
Sled dogs, hounds and
bloodhounds are mainly inclined to such walks.
The Cocker Spaniel has a tendency to run away
from its owner on smelling an interesting smell or noticing a moving object.
Tendency to drool.
The amount of saliva produced depends
on the characteristics of the breed. Some breeds salivate so much that they can leave
marks on the carpet, on the sofa, on the floor and on you, other breeds also salivate,
but this happens in much less quantities.
Fortunately for many owners, the Cocker
Spaniel produces very little saliva. Also, the fact that they leave little wool behind
will be a plus for Cocker Spaniels.
In fact, this number is about the same as in most breeds.
The amount of dog hair in your home and on your clothes depends a lot on what breed you
choose, some breeds shed all year round, others only seasonally, others hardly
shed. This characteristic of the breed can be important depending on where you plan
to keep the pet, whether members of your family are allergic to animal hair, and how
important it is to you in general.
Some breeds may require a lot of grooming and attention due to coat characteristics, muzzle
shape, habitat, or the general health of the breed. Cocker Spaniel in this regard are quite
average in terms of the complexity of the care of the dog, they do not require a lot of time
for themselves. The exception is their coat, which requires regular brushing and bathing.
The animal is bathed every 7-10 days, the eyes are cleaned daily, the ears are cleaned
about 2 times a week, and they are also examined after walking for plants or insects stuck in
Nails are trimmed 3 times a month.
General health of the breed
on a 10-point scale.
The general health of dogs of this breed
and the possibility of the appearance of genetic diseases in them can be assessed
on a ten-point scale of 9 points, that is, they are quite healthy dogs with a minimum
number of genetically predisposed diseases.
The average lifespan of a Cocker Spaniel
is 12 to 15 years..