Welcome to CultureAlley Spanish!!
Hola! This is Español lesson 12! Lets revise the Possessive adjectives we learnt
in the last lesson My translates to Mi
Your (informal) becomes Tu His , Her or Your (formal) or their is Su
Our is translated as Nuestro Your (informal and plural) translates to Vuestro
Very good! Lets also revise the Family relations we saw
in the last lesson Father translates to Papá or Padre
Mother becomes Mamá or Madre Parents is translated to Padres
Brother is Hermano Sister translates to Hermana
Siblings becomes Hermanos Moving on… Son is Hijo
Daughter is translated as Hija Good! Lets look at some more….Grandfather becomes
Abuelo While Grandmother translates to Abuela
And Grandparents becomes Abuelos Moving on…Uncle is Tío
And Aunt translates to Tía And lastly, male Cousin is Primo And female
Cousin becomes Prima Great! Lets quickly look at the conversations we
saw last time … Hi! Mark, Who is she? Translates to ¡Hola! Mark, (slowly) ¿Quién es ella?
….did you get the translation for who is she? it is ¿Quién es ella? The reply, Hi!
She is my sister, Martha translates to ¡Hola! Ella es mi hermana, Martha … Try the translation
for she is my sister again …it is Ella es mi Hermana The next question, Who is he? Becomes
¿Quién es él? …one more time ¿Quién es él? The reponse, He is our father is translated
as Él es nuestro padre Did you get that? Try saying he is our father… you ll say
Él es nuestro padre Very good! Now lets see the second part of our conversation,
And she? Translates to ¿Y ella? She is our aunt becomes Ella es nuestra tía …try that
one more time…she is our aunt or Ella es nuestra tía Now Marks aunt asks : Who is
she, Mark? Which becomes ¿Quién es ella, Mark? Mark replies by saying: She is my friend,
Lisa which is translated as Ella es mi amiga , Lisa So how will you say she is my friend?
you ll say Ella es mi amiga Awesome! We talk about our family and pets today!
Today we will learn some advanced conversations around talking about our family and pets!
So lets get started!! Lets look at the first conversation for today
Lisa asks Mark : Do you have siblings? Mark replies by saying Yes, I have two siblings
And you? Lisa says : I have one brother and one sister Mark further checks : Do you have
pets? Lisa responds : Yes, I have a dog and a cat Mark further adds : Good! I have two
cats Alright, interesting conversation, lets learn it step by step…
Lets begin by learning how to say : Do you have any siblings? For this, lets learn the
forms of the irregular verb To-have To have is Tener can you try that? Tener…good Remember,
the i->e notation indicates that tener will undergo spelling change except with nosotros
and vosotros Alright, now lets look at the Forms of the
irregular verb To-have I have translates to Yo tengo try that please Yo tengo remember
it is Not Yo tieno as a regular verb might have been…it is Yo tengo…good! Now, We
have becomes Nosotros tenemos can you try that? Nosotros tenemos Informally, for singular
context, You have becomes Tú tienes one more time Tú tienes And its plural form is Vosotros
tenéis can you try that? Vosotros tenéis Formally, You have and He or She has is translated
as Usted tiene or Él or Ella tiene The plural forms You have or They have translates to
Ustedes tienen or Ellos or Ellas tienen Did you notice? The forms of to-have or tener
are exactly the same as a verb ending in er except with I or Yo where it takes up the
form of tengo Great! Alright going back to our sentence, Do you
have any siblings? You translates to Tú Have is translated as tener but here it does not
translate to tener as we have to change its form with Tú And siblings is hermanos ….try
that please hermanos Remember that We just convert the statement into a question tone
by adding inverted and regular question marks Now using the right form of tener, word by
word our sentence reads as You beomes Tú Have is translated as tienes And siblings
Is hermanos? Remember that informally and for singular context, You have translates
to tienes So our sentence Do you have siblings? Translates
to ¿Tienes hermanos? Try once again ¿Tienes hermanos?
Remember! Hermanos could mean mixed siblings or boys and girls or it could mean just male
siblings However, if we want to refer to only female siblings, we would use hermanas Lets
now look at how we will reply to Do you have any siblings… We can reply by saying Yes,
I have two siblings , looking at it word by word Yes, translates to Sí, I have is yo
tener but with Yo, to have does not translate to tener, we need to change its form Two is
dos …one more time dos And finally, siblings translates to hermanos
We know that with yo, to have takes up the form of tengo So looking at our sentence word
by word, Yes, translates to Sí, I have is yo tengo Two is dos And siblings translates
to hermanos So now you know! Yes, I have two siblings
translates to Sí, tengo dos hermanos, try that yourself please Sí, tengo dos hermanos
Where I have is (Yo) tengo Excellent! Lets now try the first half of our conversation
Lisa : Do you have any siblings Mark : Yes, I have two siblings
Mark : And you? Lisa : I have one brother and one sister
Based on the translations we just learnt, Do you have siblings? Translates to ¿Tienes
hermanos? can you try the translation for do you have any siblings yourself? it is ¿Tienes
hermanos? The reply, Yes, I have two siblings is Sí, tengo dos hermanos Moving on, And
you? Becomes ¿Y tú? And finally, I have one brother and one sister is (slowly) Tengo
un hermano y una hermana try that one more time I have ONE brother and ONE sister the
translation is Tengo un hermano y una Hermana Very good!
Alright, its quiz time! How will you translate : I have two sisters Will you say Tengo dos
hermanas Or Tieno dos hermanas Or Tengo dos hermanos
I have two sisters translates to Tengo dos hermanas did you get that right?
Now try He has two siblings and assume : mixed siblings Is it Él tienes dos hermanos Or
Él tiene dos hermanos Or Él tiene dos hermanas He has two siblings becomes Él tiene dos
hermanos How did you do there? Try that one more time Él tiene dos hermanos Very good!
Lets now look at the second part of our conversation, talking about pets!
Heres some Vocabulary to help us with the conversations
Pet(s) translates to Mascotas Cat is Gato or Gata try these please Gato or Gata Dog
becomes Perro or Perra Fish translates to Pez …can you try that? Pez Parrot is translated
as Loro And Bird is Pájaro ….say that yourself please Pájaro Remember that Pescado also
translates to fish, but it refers to dead fish; like in fish & chips Great!
A quick memory tip here An easy way to remember the fact that Pets are called Mascotas is
that mascots are usually animals Note that Double r in Spanish can also be
referred to as rolled r The pronunciation is almost with a vibrating
sound So, try saying Perro which means dog again It is Perro
A quick grammar tip here A cat translates to Gato However, If you want to explicitly
say that you have a female cat or a a male cat then add words like una for female and
un for male before the word Gato also change Gato to Gata for female forms very good!
So heres our conversation again Do you have pets? Translates to ¿Tienes mascotas? …try
it yourself ¿Tienes mascotas? Yes, I have a dog and a (female) cat Becomes Sí, tengo
un perro y una gata Finally, Good! I have two cats is translated as ¡Bien! Tengo dos
gatos …try that one more time ¡Bien! Tengo dos gatos
Some more quizzes How will you translate A female dog Is it Una perro? Or Una perra?
or Perro? A female dog becomes Una perra Note the use
of una and change of perro to perro Lets revise the Forms of irregular verb To-haveI
have translates to Yo tengo remember it is Not Yo tieno as a regular verb might have
been…it is Yo tengo…good! Now, We have becomes Nosotros tenemos Informally, for singular
context, You have becomes Tú tienes one more time Tú tienes And its plural form is Vosotros
tenéis Formally, You have and He or She has is translated as Usted tiene or Él or Ella
tiene The plural forms You have or They have translates to Ustedes tienen or Ellos or Ellas
tienen And here is the vocabulary for names of pets
again Pet(s) translates to Mascotas Cat is Gato or Gata try these please Gato or Gata
Dog becomes Perro or Perra Fish translates to Pez …can you try that? Pez Parrot is
translated as Loro And Bird is Pájaro ….say that yourself please Pájaro
Alright, its time for the fun part! Its time for our culture leaf of the day!
Today we talk about Quinceañera! Which literally means : One girl who is fifteen It is the
celebration of a girls fifteenth birthday in parts of Latin America
In this celebration, the quinceañera is accompanied by her parents, godparents, court of honor,
friends and family The birthday girl usually delivers fifteen candles to people who she
considers were most influential in her development during her fifteen years It is often accompanied
by a speech This ceremony is also known as the Tree of Life
The ceremony includes a Formal entry – A grand entrance by the Quinceañera is made once
most guests have been seated Theres also a Formal toast which is optional but usually
a part of the reception generally initiated by the parents or godparents of the birthday
girl Other festivities include a First dance which
is usually a waltz where the girl dances with her father It also includes a Family dance
which is Usually a waltz involving just the immediate relatives, the godparents, and the
closest friends of the girl The most popular gifts given on the occasion
are Chocolates Perfumes Clothes Make up And Handbags ?
In the next lesson, we will learn making some small talk with new people!
We hope you enjoyed your lesson today! See you at the Alley for the next one!